History of Vyšehrad
Vyšehrad, the rock above the river with its dark outline of slender spires, is an inseparable part of the Prague skyline. The traditions of this mysterious site are bound up with the legends, telling of the Princess Libuše, who foresaw the future glory of Prague from her seat at Vyšehrad, and who sent a delegation to seek out Přemysl the Ploughman, founder of the ruling dynasty, the only „originaly“ Czech one, more than 1000 years ago.
King of Bohemia and Poland in 1085 founded Prague’s earliest Romanesque rotunda of St. Martin (in the vicinity of Vysehrad Residence) and the Vysehrad Chapter, subjected directly to the Pope.
According to the coronation rite, the procession of the new sovereign began here as an expression of respect for the forefather of the dynasty to which Charles IV belonged on his mother's side. Charles IV converted Vyšehrad into a stone fortress, From the mid-17th century onwards Vyšehrad became a Baroque fortress with its own military.
Church of SS Peter & Paul was rebuilt in the Neo-Gothic style.
It took many years to build the Pantheon, and the present Vyšehrad Cemetery is a unique artistic whole, harmoniously fitting its surroundings. It is the final resting place of over 600 personalities from the fields of culture and intellectual endeavour, including Dvorak, Smetana, Karel Capek, Alfons Mucha…
There is so much to discover, with Prague Walks experts get to know hidden corners and mysteries not mentioned in the guidebooks, meet the „locals“, rest in many parks or enjoy wonderfull views!